Showing posts with label neurofeedback. Show all posts
Showing posts with label neurofeedback. Show all posts

Monday, October 2, 2023

Innovation Symposium on Brain-Computer Interfaces (Suzhou, China) - Guest Speaker to share about the application of Trauma-Informed Neurofeedback


一转眼,我已经提供脑波神经反馈训练neurofeedback training多达10多年了。在马来西亚,本来我是很孤独的,因为在这行的人实在不多,这个领域的专家也很少。但这几年,越来越多知音人出现,这个应用脑科学如今也被多国重点关注,亚洲各地都开始越来越多人重视脑机接口这一块。
In simple terms, I've been doing neurofeedback training for over 10 years. In Malaysia, it used to be quite lonely because not many people were into it. But in recent years, more people who understand it have shown up, and now several countries are paying serious attention to applying neuroscience.
Today, seeing top experts in China endorsing neurofeedback training, it really touched me.

Sunday, August 29, 2021

Neurofeedback Malaysia, A Promising Tool For Stroke Rehab Treatment


Stroke is a health condition whereby there is an insufficient blood supply that carries the oxygen, O2 and nutrients needed by the brain. The lack of blood supply will cause a damage to the brain cells and even worse, it leads to the death of brain cells which had a big impact on the patient’s well-being such as memory loss and the physical and functional disabilities (Boehme et al., 2017).

As stroke cases are starting to increase among the old age group, the experts had invented the F-A-S-T stroke recognition to raise the awareness and help people to identify the stroke signs earlier (Khatri, 2019). Early intervention is better. According to Beckerman (2020), the F-A-S-T stroke recognition stands for face, arms, speech, and time. First, tell the person to smile and observe if their face drops. Second, tell the person to raise both of their hands and observe if one side of the hand is weak. Third, ask the person to say a simple word and observe if there is a strange sound or slurred. Lastly, dial the emergency number right away as every minute counts for stroke patients.

Apart from F-A-S-T method, did you know that EEG Neurofeedback training is one of the promising tools for stroke rehabilitation?
Most of the stroke patients that took part in a study to evaluate the effectiveness of Neurofeedback training had shown a significance improvement on their memory, mood, concentration, energy, reading and speech ability, and motivation (Kober et al., 2015; Renton et al., 2017). Therefore, this shows that Neurofeedback training had successfully helped to improve the memory deficit among stroke survivors.

Beckerman, J. (2020, March 9). Stroke Signs and Symptoms. WebMD.
Boehme, A. K., Esenwa, C., & Elkind, M. S. V. (2017). Stroke Risk Factors, Genetics, and Prevention. Circulation Research, 120(3), 472–495.

Sunday, May 2, 2021

Neurofeedback Training for Autism in Malaysia (Research Article)


Article 1

Ever wondering how to improve cognitive functioning of ASD?

Basic cognitive function impairment in autism spectrum disorder can be reduced through neurofeedback treatment including cognitive, social and attention domains.


Mekkawy, L. (2021). Efficacy of neurofeedback as a treatment modality for children in the autistic spectrum. Bulletin of the National Research Centre, 45(1).

Retrieved from:


Article 2

ASD children are lacking sociability, they tend to avoid eyes contact and refuse to connect with the world.

Appropriate brain responses, behaviour and emotions were linked during social interactions and thus resulted in significant symptom reduction for children with ASD.


Friedrich, E. V., Sivanathan, A., Lim, T., Suttie, N., Louchart, S., Pillen, S., & Pineda, J. A. (2015). An effective neurofeedback intervention to improve social interactions in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 45(12), 4084–4100.

Retrieved from:


Article 3

To improve social interaction in ASD children, training their mirror neurons is utmost important.

The findings of strong correlations between behavioural improvements and activation changes specifically in these brain regions (human mirror neuron system) support the use of mu-rhythm neurofeedback training to improve clinical outcomes for individuals on the autism spectrum.

** human mirror neuron system (hMNS) is a potential neurobiological substrate for many aspects of human social cognition, particularly those directly relevant to the behavioural and cognitive deficits observed in ASD.


Datko, M., Pineda, J. A., Müller, R., & Wallace, M. (2017). Positive effects of neurofeedback on autism symptoms correlate with brain activation during imitation and observation. European Journal of Neuroscience, 47(6). 

Retrieved from:


Article 4

ASD children can be trained to minimize their ASD symptoms and help them to have a better socializing skill.

Several case studies using QEEG and neurofeedback with individuals diagnosed with ASD have reported significant clinical symptomatic improvements for communication, socialization, anxiety, attention and even medication reduction or elimination.


Robert, C., Michael, L., & Thomas, E. M. (2010). Neurofeedback for Autistic Spectrum Disorder: A review of the literature. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback, 35, 83–105. 

Retrieved from:


Article 5                         

Training ASD children’s brain can bring more benefits to themselves in improving their functioning.

Reciprocal social interactions, communication skills, set-shifting skills improved after neurofeedback treatment. Results suggest that neurofeedback treatment has the potential to become an important and prominent intervention for children with ASD.


Kouijzer, M. E. J., van Schie, H. T., de Moor, J. M. H., Gerrits, B. J. L., & Buitelaar, J. K. (2010). Neurofeedback treatment in autism. Preliminary findings in behavioural, cognitive and neurophysiological functioning. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 386-399.

Retrieved from:



Article 6

One of the waves in our brain acts as a key to help ASD children initiate socialization.

Our findings showed that the implementation of neurofeedback sessions improved Theta brainwave, which leads to better social communication.


Hemmati, S., Vameghi, R., Sajedi, F., Gharib, M., Pourmohammadreza-Tajrishi, M., & Teymori, R. (2016). The effect of neurofeedback on brain waves in children with Autism spectrum disorders. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, 14(3), 133-138.

Retrieved from:



Article 7

Tremendous improvement showed in ASD children after neurofeedback training

Improvements achieved through neurofeedback training include increases social and daily living skills, as well as communication and relationship advances.


Coben, R., & Myers, T. E. (2010). The relative efficacy of connectivity guided and symptom-based EEG biofeedback for autistic disorders. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 35(1), 13-23. doi:10.1007/s10484-009-9102-5

Retrieved from:


Article 8

Neurofeedback training improves not only social issues in ASD children, but also other common emotional and behavioral management issues.

Neurofeedback has shown promise in improving the negative symptoms associated with autism such as repetitive behaviours, aggression, problems with communication and social ineptness.


Akhawan, R. (2018). The efficacy of neurofeedback in the treatment of Autism [Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies]. ScholarWorks.

Retrieved from:


Article 9

The use of mu rhythms in neurofeedback training is prominent in reducing ASD symptoms.

The results showed that symptoms in children with ASD have been reduced through the use of neurofeedback by targeting training to the mirror neuron system (MNS) via modulation of EEG mu rhythms.


Pineda, J. A., Carrasco, K., Datko, M., Pillen, S., & Schalles, M. (2014). Neurofeedback training produces normalization in behavioural and electrophysiological measures of high-functioning autism. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 369(1644), 20130183.

Retrieved from:


Article 10

ASD children are able to improve their functioning to connect better with same age peers.

The results have shown most changes in behaviour (less aggressive, more cooperation, better communication), attention span and sensory-motor skills. According to the assessment of parents, teachers, therapists and other experts all children have accomplished a certain degree of improvement in the level of daily functioning.


Zivoder, I., Martic-Biocina, S., Kosic, A. V., & Bosak, J. (2015). Neurofeedback application in the treatment of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). In Psychiatria Danubina, 27, 55- 291

Retrieved from:


Article 11

The social cognition issues in ASD can be reduced by training their brain.

Study providing moderate evidence for improvement in social cognition deficit following neurofeedback training with theta/ beta protocol in ASD population.


Kumari, M., & Sharma, A. (2020). Neurofeedback Training for Social Cognitive Deficits: Systematic Review. International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (IJOE), 16(10), 151.


Retrieved from:


Article 12

Neurofeedback improves their cognition skills that they are able to picking up communication skills.

After neurofeedback therapy, the patient began to use eight different single words, and his social responsiveness became significantly better. He demonstrated an increased ability to follow instructions, and his attention span increased.


Eroglu, G., & Ekici, B. (2020). Neurofeedback improves EEG complexity and social interaction in a boy with autism: A case report. Journal of Surgery and Medicine.

Retrieved from:


Article 13

ASD children got to improve their language domain, including understanding and communicating after neurofeedback training.

The participant showed observable improvement in language comprehension and expression according to the subscale of the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC).


Mutang, J. A., Chua, B. S., Madlan, L. W., Bullare Bahari, M. I., & Soidi, T. (2018). Neurofeedback training to improve comprehension and expression of ASD child: A case study. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 118(24), 1314-3395.


Retrieved from:


Article 14

Will all the improvement have shown in my ASD children back to square one after the neurofeedback training had been terminated? How stable and long-lasting is the effect of neurofeedback training?

The enduring effects of neurofeedback have been follow-up by researchers after the treatment period has ended one year. Analysis revealed there is a significant increase of all executive functions, including cognitive flexibility, planning skills, inhibition and attention skills. Another study also reported that there is no loss of nonverbal communication and general communication.


Coben, R. (2013). Neurofeedback for autistic disorders: emerging empirical evidence. In: Casanova, M. F., El-Baz, A. S., & Suri, J. S. (Eds.). Imaging the brain in autism. Springer, 107–134.

Retrieved from:


Article 15

The improvement is significant and prominent in ASD children after neurofeedback training.

The studies have confirmed that there is a significant improvement in sustained attention as well as in speech/language communication, sociability, health/ physical behaviour subscales.


Hurt, E., Arnold, L. E., & Lofthouse, N. (2014). Quantitative EEG neurofeedback for the treatment of paediatric Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Learning Disorders, and Epilepsy. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 23(3), 465 486. 

Retrieved from:

Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Gold Medal Innovation in Counseling Award for C-PROEEG Aide: Evidence-Based Clinical Neurofeedback Protocols for Mood Disorders

We won the Gold Medal Innovation in Counseling at the International Counseling Innovation Showcase & Competition (i-Counnovas 2019).

This is a collaboration between our New Mind Brain Health (Clinical Neurofeedback Practitioner: Hiro Koo, Chen Chen, Boon Tao) & UPSI (Dr Pau Kee). Our winning product is C-PROEEG Aide: Evidence-Based Clinical Neurofeedback Protocols for Mood Disorders. Bravo to teamwork!

 Special thanks to my mentor late Dr Kenneth Kang, this honour we would like to share with you.

我们New Mind Brain Health Centre与UPSI合作的”Clinical Neurofeedback脑电波反馈疗法治疗方案C-PROEEG Aide”在国际心理辅导科研展示与比赛中赢得了金牌!

Saturday, September 8, 2018

The 4th Asia Pacific Neurofeedback/Biofeedback Conference 2018.

Had a great time here:) I shared about how the various form of trauma affects the executive functioning of the brain (such as focus and planning etc.)
I am so happy to meet all neurofeedback practitioners from all around the world.

The 6th Child Development and Mental Health International Forum and the 4th Asia Pacific/Neurofeedback/ Biofeedback Conference. Opening Ceremony by the Director & Deputy Director General of Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand; Director-General of Department of Mental Oral Health Taiwan; Acting Director of RICD Thailand & Prof Dato Dr Susie See of APNA.
I am glad to be one of the invited speakers from Malaysia to present the wonder of clinical neurofeedback and advantages of brain mapping.
Special thanks to Thailand’s Ministry of Public Health, Department of Mental Health; Medical Team of Rajanagarindra Institute of Child Development; Conference Organise Committee and APNA committee to make this event happens:)